Kadapa (also known as Cuddapah) is a city (municipal corporation) in Rayalseema, a region of the south-central part of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the district head quarters of YSR District.
It is located 412 kilometres (256mi) south of the state capital,Hyderabad and is 8 kilometres (5.0mi) south of thePenna River. The city is surrounded on three sides by the Nallamala and Palakonda hills. The city is nicknamed Gadapa (which means 'Threshold') because it is the gateway from the west to the sacred hills of Tirumala, which is known for its connections toVenkateswara Swamy.